History of Jaipur: Now, known as the capital city of Rajasthan, and a UNESCO world heritage, dates back to 1727. Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II is the one who constructed this city. The construction continued for 4 years and then the city was made. But, during these 4 years only the major palaces and the roads were made. Before putting the layout of Jaipur city, he made sure to consult enough books on architecture and design to take inspiration from. It is him on whom the name of this city is kept. He was the king of Amer and one of the greatest warrior and an astronomer too. It was just a walled town before that was built to replace the nearby city, Amber. Now, Amber is a part of Jaipur only. The city is famously called as the pink city now with the presence of numerous pink buildings but there is a story attached to this as well. Jaipur got its title of pink city from 1876 because the entire city was painted pink at that time. It was in 1876 when Queen Victoria’s husband, Prince Albert had to visit Jaipur and for his welcome, the Sawai Ram Singh I made sure the city looked pink and pretty. Jaipur is also called as the city of victory.
Legend: The most important legend in the history of Jaipur’s existence has to be Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II because he is the one who constructed this city. Hence, he is the first king of the city. Some of the other legends and kings of the city were Mirza Raja Sawai Jai Singh II, Mirza Raja Sawai Ishwari Singh, Mirza Raja Sawai Madho Singh I, Mirza Raja Sawai Prithvi Singh II, Mirza Raja Sawai Pratap Singh, Mirza Raja Sawai Jagat Singh II, and Mohan Singh. Though now there is no kingship in India, but Sawai Padmanabh Singh is a member of the former ruling family of Jaipur. He belongs to the royal family of the city.
Tourist Places: There are several places to visit in Jaipur. Among famous tourist attractions in Jaipur are historical monuments, beautiful temples, rich museums, colorful markets, enchanting gardens, delicious cuisines, long legacy of heritage, innumerable handicrafts etc. Some of the major monuments of Jaipur are as under……
- City Palace – The most gorgeous and photogenic palace of the city with ample things to explore inside. It is a colourful palace with different rooms available to explore.
- Amber Fort and Palace – Located in the Amer city in between the rocky Aravalli hills is this beautiful palace. It is a huge fort that was built with the intention to be protected from the enemies.
- Hawa Mahal – Also called as the palace of windows is in the heart of Jaipur city and has about 983 windows altogether which is the major attraction of the mahal. It was built for Rajput women to see the ongoing of the city without stepping down.
- Jantar Mantar – As said, the founder of Jaipur was also an astronomer, he built this museum to study the space. Jantar Mantar means calculating instruments. A lot of space related instruments can be found here.
- Albert Museum – A very popular tourist place in Jaipur is this that was built to commemorate the visit of Prince of Wales in the city. This museum is also a place where one of the six Egyptian mummies of India are kept.
- Galtaji – The most beautiful temple of Jaipur which is also called as the temple of monkeys is Galtaji. There are temples of Lord Krishna, Ram, and Hanuman here.
- Jal Mahal – This Mahal (palace) was built in the most glorious and prosperous Rajput era. This one is one of the most classic Rajput architectural examples where the palace sits in between the water.
Famous Events – Fairs –Festivals: Jaipur is one of those cities that takes its celebrations very seriously. There are so many festivals and fairs celebrated in the city and one who wants to explore Jaipur in its authentic way, then they must visit the city during this time. Some of the major festivals celebrated here are:
Teej festival – a festival done by women where they fast for their husband’s life long health and safety.
Gangaur festival – the longest running festival in India that on goes for 10 days. It is in the Chaitra month.
Kite festival – On 14th of January every year on Makar Sankranti, Uttarayan or the kite festival is celebrated where people fly kites in the sky.
Elephant festival – This festival happens during the month of March when the elephants are decorated and shows are held around them.
Jaipur International film festival – It happens during the end of January every year and its motive is to uplift the talent from the film industry.
Jaipur Literature Festival – It is the largest literature festival in the country that was started in 2006. It is a five day literature festival held in January.
Importance of Jaipur in Tourism: Jaipur city is a UNESCO World Heritage Site along with having so many UNESCO World Heritage sites within it. It is one of the most famous and important places in Rajasthan when it comes to tourism. The people from all over the world visit Jaipur to experience the grandeur lifestyle of the Rajput era which is still present through its forts and palaces. Not only domestic travelers but the foreign visitors make it most to the Jaipur city for exploring the huge ancient buildings actually built by the kings. Jaipur is also famous for the local markets, handicrafts, art forms etc that attracts the travelers too. And the last thing that attracts the travelers to the city is the amazing and authentic Rajasthani food. The city is very important for Rajasthan tourism and makes Indian tourism a boom always making the travel industry earn huge bucks.
Jaipur Tour Packages: Jaipur, being a historical and cultural city, is a must-visit destination in most of Rajasthan tour packages. The Pink City of Rajasthan is part of Golden Triangle. Therefore, all Golden Triangle Tour Packages consist of Jaipur. Find some of the most opted Jaipur tours………
1 Day – Jaipur Day Tour
1 Day- Jaipur Bazaars Day Tour
1 Day – A Day with Elephants in Jaipur
2 Days – Jaipur Tour
3 Days – Agra Jaipur Tour from Delhi
4 Days – Delhi Agra Jaipur Tour
5 Days – Jaipur Agra Tour from New Delhi
6 Days – Golden Triangle India Tour