The Kolis and the Aagri are known to be the earliest inhabitants of Mumbai. This age backs to the stone age and makes it evident that Mumbai has been in the map since this time. Post this, came the Mauryan Empire in the 3rd century BCE who acquired the area to rule. They transformed this whole place into Buddhist culture and religion. However, it is believed that King Bhimdev founded Mumbai in the 13th century. He established his capital in Mahikawati. It was in 1668 when the Britishers came to Bombay when Sir George Oxenden became the first governor of Bombay. It was under the regime of English East India Company. The Britisher ruled in Mumbai for 282 years. Then after the Indian Independence in 1947, Bombay was given back to India. Bombay’s name was changed to Mumbai in 1995 when Shiv Sena came in power. Mumbai is kept after the name of Goddess Mumba Devi who is the major deity of Mumbai city. Mumba Devi Temple is a prominent tourist attraction in Mumbai. They wanted to keep a name for the city that represents Indian heritage rather than having a name that the Britishers have kept.
King Bhimdev is the ultimate legend of the city as he is said to be the founder and king of the city. Sir George Oxenden is also a legend because he became the first British governor of Mumbai.
Tourist Places to Visit in Mumbai: The commercial capital of India, Mumbai is known for its rich ancient heritage with world-class modern amenities & infrastructure. This mélange of old and new presents a unique experience to the visitors. There are several tourist attractions to explore and appreciate in Mumbai. Also, a tourist must know top things to do in Mumbai to plan tour duration, itinerary, sightseeing pattern, budget etc.
Gateway of India: The most promising landmark of the Mumbai city is the Gateway of India. It was built in 1924 to celebrate the incoming of King George V and Queen Mary in the city. It is one of the major ports of the country that is also one of the top photographed spots of the city.
Marine Drive: It is a 4 km promenade located in South Bombay and is also famously called as the Queen’s necklace. It is one of the most famous spots in the city to take a walk and spend some quality time by the bae. It looks beautiful throughout the day.
Juhu Beach: A trip to Mumbai is incomplete without a trip to the Juhu beach. It is one of the most gorgeous beaches of the country. It is a famous hotspot of the city that is also lined with so many houses of the Bollywood celebrities throughout.
Haji Ali: One of the most important religious sites of Mumbai is the Haji Ali. It is situated in the middle of Arabian sea. There is a tomb of Muslim Saint Pir Haji Ali Shah Bukhari. The tomb is built in Indo Islamic structure and is around 400 years old.
Siddhivinayak Temple: The most important and devoted place of the Mumbai city is the Siddhivinayak temple that is dedicated to Lord Ganesha. It was built in 1801 and is still the most popular temple of the city. People have high regards to the deity of Lord Ganesha here.
Elephanta Caves: Located at one corner of the city is the Elephanta caves which is of historical importance in the country. There are temples inside the cave dedicated to Lord Shiva and there are different sculptures as well in the caves. It is a fun place to spend the whole day.
Bollywood Film City: The most famous place of Mumbai has to be the film city and is the major attraction for the Bollywood Buffs. It is in Goregaon and one can spot a lot of movie and shows set in different areas of the city as it is very large. Lucky ones could also meet some Bollywood celebs.
Mumbai is a big city and there are a lot of places to explore like Colaba Causeaway market, Essel World, Worli sea face, Chowpatty beach, wax museum, Aksa beach, Versova beach, Shivaji Park, Global Vipassana Pagoda, ISKCON Temple, Bandra Bandstand, Chor Bazaar, Mumba Devi Temple, Kamla Nehru Park, Kanheri Caves, snow world, Victoria Terminus, Prince of Wales Museum and lots more.
Famous Fairs – Festival – Cultural Events: Several cultural functions, events, fairs and festivals are celebrated in Mumbai. The festivals are celebrated with religious zeal but in disciplined manner, resulting in augmenting harmony in the society. Some of the festivals are observed nationally while many are local ones.
Ganpati / Ganesh Puja: The most important and the most extravagant festival of Mumbai that is celebrated on a very grand level is Ganpati or the Ganesh Puja. It is a festival in which the king Ganpati as the people like to say comes to the earth to spend time with his devotees. The entire city is decorated and there are so many pandals throughout to explore and have a good time.
Kala Ghoda Festival: This is an amazing festival for all the art lovers. This one is a cultural festival for all the artforms, music, theatre, and dance. A lot of seminars and workshops related to the artforms are practised here during this art festival. It I a colourful fun festival to be a part of.
Gudi Padwa: Gudi Padwa is a very auspicious festival for the Marathis as this marks their new year. It is celebrated in New Year. The festival is celebrated to spread positive vibes and mark good over evil.
Elephanta Festival: This one is a government festival that is organised by the government with a motive to promote culture and tourism in the city. As the name says, it is celebrated in the Elephanta island. It is a two day fun packed festival.
Dahi Handi: Dahi Handi is celebrated on Janmashtmi which is the birth day of Lord Krishna. Dahi Handi is a grand festival of Mumbai in which different groups to break the matki or handi that is hung on a height that has butter or Makhan in it.
Other famous festivals of the city to attend are Christmas celebrations, Navratri, Coconut Festival, Mumbai International Film Festival, and Banganga festival.
How to Reach Mumbai: Part of mainland India, Mumbai is located at shores of Arabian Sea. Mumbai can easily be reached by road, flights, trains and ships. Mumbai is well connected with all parts of India by road, railway and air. Simultaneously, it is linked with many countries of the world by flights as well as by sea.
Best Time to Visit Mumbai: Though tourists keep visiting Mumbai round the year but we suggest a traveler not to visit Mumbai either during monsoon season or in summers. September to March is the best duration to explore Mumbai.
Importance in Tourism: Mumbai is an important Indian city that attracts around 6 million tourists per year. This is not only Indian tourist list but tourists from all across the world. Mumbai is in fact the 30th most visited location in the world. The presence of Bollywood and the glam of the city has made it so popular worldwide. Also, the tourist places cannot be neglected in this part. Mumbai holds a very special place in the Indian tourism sector.