Shimla

Shimla

At a Glance
Population
1,123,505
Area
362 sq.kms
Geo Location
Central
Average Climate
9°C - 32°C
Best time to visit
October - March

One of the youngest cities of India, Shimla, situated about 7,000 feet above sea-level, was the summer capital of British India, and now is the capital of Himachal Pradesh. Built in lush green pine and deodar trees and rugged rocks are impressive buildings of 19th century English design punctuated by huts and humble houses of the native style. Probably the city owes its name to Shyamala, a mother-deity.

Known as the queen of mountain resorts, Shimla became the summer capital of the British Raj during the second half of the 19th century, when British Army soldiers, traders and officials moved here to get relieved of the torrid heat of the plains. Shimla takes its name from "Shyamala" - the goddess Kali, whose temple existed in the dense forest that covered Jakhu Hill in the early 19th century. Hence, English named the place as Shimla. Located at an average altitude of 2200 meters, Shimla is unique with its incomparable sparkling beauty.

Since one Major Kennedy built the first house in Shimla in 1828, the place has seen rapid growth. Many celebrities have resided in the large palatial building that was the Viceregal palace in the summer, and the city has hosted numerous historic conferences. The population of Shimla is 1,70,970. There are some sulphur springs on the banks of the Sutlej, a few miles from Shimla, steaming hot water bubbling up in close neighborhood of the icy cold water of the river. The place is named Tatta Pani.

Shimla is always attractive. However, the period between March and June is ideal for tourists. July and August constitute the rainy season. In winter (December-February) the temperature might touch as low as 5.5°C. Enjoy a stroll along the Mall and the Ridge and relax for a while amidst the friendly gossipy people at 'Scandal-Point' where the two roads cross each other.