Parliament House

Parliament House
Vital Information for Visitors
Address:

Sansad Marg, Janpath, Connaught Place, New Delhi - 110001

Open & Close:

Not open to general visitor

Entry Fees:

No Entry Fee

Duration:

Approx 2 Hours

Circular in shape, Parliament House of India building on Sansad Marg has decent colonnades. Sansad Bhavan or Parliament House of India is a building containing Rajya Sabha and Lok Sabha in it. It is a grand building which represents a good example of art and architecture. This building took long span of time for its completion. Originally it was called House of Parliament. The design of this building was given by a British architect Edwin Lutyens and Herbert Baker during 1912-13. It was a part of plan when New Delhi was decided to be built as capital of British India. The construction was completed in between 1921 and 1927. The opening ceremony of this house was held on 18 January 1927 by Lord Irwin, who was Viceroy of India at that time.

The building is spread over about 6 acre land and the shape of building is circular. The diameter of the building is about 560 feet or 170 meter and circumference is 533 meter. In the heart of the building is a circular hall which originally is known as Chamber of Prince and now is used as Library Hall. There are two semicircular halls surrounding this central hall which was originally named as the State Council and the Central Legislative Assembly but now used as Rajya Sabha and Lok Sabha respectively. Surrounding of the Building is decorated with large gardens and fountains.Central hall has a diameter around of 98 feet or 30 meter. Lok Sabha hall is in semicircle shape and the chair of speaker is kept on the center of the diameter. Seats and walls of this hall are designed using wooden material.

The whole architecture of the Parliament house is originally inspired from a Hindu temple, called Chaunsath Yogini, situated in Muraina, Madhya Pradesh. The temple is in circular structure and has lot of pillars in the boundary of the temple. Though earlier the design was supposed originally of Lutyen’s idea but later on it came to be known that the Chausath Yogini Temple of Muraina was idea and inspiration behind the design of the Parliament House. This is a blend of Portuguese and Indian architecture style. Walls and windows are made having Indian style architecture. There are twelve gates in the building and gate no 1 is used as main gate. There are 144 pillars surrounding the building and each pillar is of height 27 feet.

One unique thing about Parliament house is the fans of the house. The fans are not connected to ceiling but are stabilized on poles which are supported by ground.

Parliament of India is the supreme legislature of India. It is a bicameral legislature comprising of two houses: Rajya Sabha i.e. council of states & Lok Sabha i.e. house of the people. There are total of 790 seats in Parliament - 245 members of Rajya Sabha and 545 members of Lok Sabha. President is the head of legislature. He has all the powers to summon or cancel either house of parliament or to dissolve Lok Sabha. President can use these powers on the advice of Prime Minister and his union council of ministers.

Rajya Sabha is also known as upper house. Unlike Lok Sabha it cannot be dissolved, it is a permanent body. Vice-President of India is considered as Chairman of Rajya Sabha. Deputy Chairman is elected internally by the Rajya Sabha. Leader of the house has a seat near the Chairperson. Leader is either cabinet minister or any other nominated minister. There are total 245 members in Rajya Sabha, among which 233 are elected from State and Union Territories and 12 are nominated by the President. One third members of Rajya Sabha retire every year and then new members are elected. Rajya Sabha member from a state depends on the population of respective state.Minimum age requirement for being a Rajya Sabha member is 30 years.

Lok Sabha is also known as lower house. After the general elections, the speaker is elected during first meeting of the Lok Sabha. Speaker is chosen from the sitting members of Lok Sabha and is from ruling party. By convention the position of Deputy Speaker is given to a member of opposition party in India. By default, the Prime Minister is the Leader of Lok Sabha and if the Prime Minister is not a member of the Lok Sabha, he can nominate another minister as the leader of the house. There are total 545 members in Lok Sabha. 543 members are elected directly by citizens of India and two members are elected by the President of India from the Anglo-Indian community. Minimum age requirement for being a Lok Sabha member is 25 years.

There are different voting systems for both Rajya Sabha and Lok Sabha. Period of conducting business meeting of the House is called Session of Parliament. There are three sessions of parliament: Budget session which is held from February to May, Monsoon Session which is held from July to September and winter session which is held from November to December.

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