Bhubaneswar

Bhubaneswar

At a Glance
Population
8.38 lakhs
Area
135 km²
Geo Location
East
Average Climate
25 °C
Best time to visit
Oct-Feb

Bhubaneswar has been centre of cultural, religious and political activities in this region since thousands of year. Though it had been declared capital of the state of Odisha in 1948, but historical evidence of being capital of Kalinga (ancient name of Odisha) can be found in the scriptures of Mauryan period (300 BC). Tourism in Bhubaneswar, the ‘Capital City of Temples’, is characterized by temples tour. Bhubaneswar means "master of the world". This name refers to Shiva who is revered in the city. It is a high place of Shaivism. Ancient Bhubaneswar is a metropolis of temples where as the new city – fabulous Bhubaneswar. Bhubaneswar is a quiet city where intense religious activity reigns. Bhubaneswar, the capital of Odisha, accessible by air and conveniently situated on Kolkata-Chennai railway line, is a city in two distinct parts: the old and the new. Nowhere else in India can be seen such remarkable coexistence of ancient serenity with modern elegance. The capital has two aspects. The 20th-century garden city and the one most travelers will prefer — the picturesque township with its innumerable temples. What is more, the city and its environs within a radius of six miles present a panorama of Odishan art and history from the 3rd century B.C. to the 16th century A.D. Bhubaneswar, with its literally hundreds of temples, truly merits the name “Cathedral City of India”. The Bindu Sagar, or sacred lake in the center of old Bhubaneswar, once boasted 7,000 temples circling its shores. Now some 500 remain in varying stages of preservation, enough for tourists. The Bindu Sagar or Bindu Sarovar, “lake made of drops of waters”, is said that the small quantities of water from all the sacred rivers and lakes of India were collected and poured into this.

Before making the rounds of the most important temples, a few general remarks on the sculpture and architecture are in order. The golden age of temple building in Odisha stretched from the 8th to the 13th centuries and the zenith was reached during the 10th and 11th. Taken together, the shrines of Odisha, and especially of Bhubaneswar, represent a coherent development of the “Nagara” style of temple architecture. The architectural style of Bhubaneswar is recognizable by the shape of the towers (‘shikhar’) whose top gradually tapers into a curve and ends with a flat surface creating base of a Lotus flower. Venerated ancient temples make Bhubaneswar a coveted pilgrimage of the Hindus. Dhauli Hills near the capital city is a prominent centre of Bhuddhism since ancient times and therefore attracts a significant number of Buddhist pilgrims from across the globe. Bhubaneswar is one of the three destinations of Golden Triangle of Odisha. Other two destinations are Puri & Konark. With its tropical climate, the capital of Odisha, located in the eastern coastal plains, holds temperatures conducive to seaside tourism. To discover authentic temples and Hindu population as a whole, Bhubaneswar offers great opportunity of tourism. This city bore the name of Odisha and was a great religious center.

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