Corbett National Park

Corbett National Park

At a Glance
Population
35,513
Area
11.5 km²
Geo Location
north-east
Average Climate
20 °C to 35 °C
Best time to visit
September - October to mid November

Named after the incredible hunter who later turned conservationist Jim Corbett, Jim Corbett National Park is the oldest national park in India. Situated in Nainital district of Uttarakhand, this park is figured as the protected zone for the endangered Bengal tiger of India. Corbett's astonishing climatic conditions and diverse features make this place truly awesome. The sub-Himalayan belt land and environmental attributes of this park are genuinely radiant. Corbett brags of 438 distinct types of plants and the wide cluster of fauna. This park is visited by a large number of visitors, animal lovers, and adventurists, but the ecological equilibrium of this park has remained excellent.

Throughout the years, Corbett has been the first priority for wildlife lovers and voyagers over the world. With a specific end goal to keep the wilderness territory in its most genuine structures, just certain areas of the park have been opened for the tourism. With the coming of the internet and a few visit services, Corbett is getting heightening fame around the world. According to Wikipedia, each season more than 70,000 guests explore this park from India and abroad.

Corbett is a paradise for voyagers, wildlife lovers, conservationists, and even for the filmmakers. Spread over 520.8 sq km, Corbett is the mix of hills, river belts, fields, marshy depressions and colossal lakes. The elevation of this park changes from 1,300 feet to 4,000 feet. The most astounding thing about Corbett is its climate, which is typically incredible around the year. Winter evenings are bit chilly however days are splendid and sunny. July-September is off-season simply because of rainy season.

A few regions of this park were once the past of the royal province of Tehri Garhwal. The backwoods were cleared to make the zone less defenseless against Rohilla invaders who would come here to plunder and would return back to Rohilkhand. The Raja of Tehri formally surrendered a piece of his royal state to the East India Company in return for their help to expel the Gurkhas from his domain. The initial phase started in 1868 when the British woods division set up control over the land and denied development operation of the cattle station.

In 20th century, the British, including Stevens and Smythies, proposed setting up of a national park on this soil. In 1930s, procedure of outlining the territory got in progress, helped by Jim Corbett, who knew the area well. A reserve territory, known as Hailey National Park covered 323.75 sq km, was completed in 1936 when Sir Malcolm Hailey was the Governor of United Provinces; and thus, Asia's first national park came into existence. The park was renamed in 1954– 55 as Ramganga National Park and was again renamed in 1955– 56 as Corbett National Park as Jim Corbett played a key role in making the park by convincing the government. Amid the Second World War, it experienced unreasonable poaching and timber cutting. Over time, the zone was expanded. It was picked in 1974 as the area for launching Project Tiger. The Park is managed from its headquarters in the region of Nainital.

Corbett is thickly populated with flora which includes sal, rohini, haldu, mango trees and peepal. These trees cover more than 73% area of the park. The rest of the 10% of the zone is beautiful grassland. This park is blessed with the more than 110 tree species, 50 types of well-evolved creatures, 580 fledgling species and 25 reptile species. The main feature of this park is, however, Bengal tigers, which are not smoothly spotted. Ramganga River alongside lavish greenery offers ample prey for tigers. Aside from the Tigers, you can spot panthers, which are found in the bounty. Littler cats in Corbett are jungle cat, fishing cat, and leopard cat. The sambhar, hoard, dark buck and chital are the deer species. Sloth and Himalayan wild bears, ghoral, Indian pangolins, and langur, Indian Gray Mongoose, otters, yellow-throated martens, and rhesus monkeys also live here. In summers, you will be amazed to see the herd of elephants taking bath together. Crocodiles and fish like Mahaseer are likewise a portion of the elementary part of this park.

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