Amritsar

Amritsar

At a Glance
Population
11.3 lakhs
Area
170 km²
Geo Location
North-East
Average Climate
21°C
Best time to visit
October to March.

Amritsar, literally the ‘Pool of Nectar’ was the creation of the fourth guru of the Sikhs, Guru Ramdas. It is said that the Sikh Guru bought the land for the temple from the Mughal ruler Akbar. Another version insists that the land for gurudwara / temple was donated by the villagers out of reverence for the guru, faith and positive social cause. The guru dug a pool in it and named it Amritsar. The city grew around it. Today this four hundred- year old city has a population of over two million. Amritsar is the holy city of the Sikhs. What Mecca is to the Muslim, Benares to the Hindu, the Golden Temple of Amritsar is to the Sikh. The area around the pond (Amrit Sar) was called earlier as Ramdaspur or Chak Ram Das or Guru Chak. Amritsar city, a major pilgrimage or holy city and headquarter of the Sikh across the globe, was founded by Guru Ram Das ji (1534-81) in 1577 and the Golden Temple was completed in 1601. Amritsar is currently a city of more than one million inhabitants that receives more visitors (primarily Sikh devotees) than the Taj Mahal. Though it is more widely known for being holy site of Sikhism but it also highly revered place of Valmiki Ashrama near Ram Tirath where Sita gave birth to Luv & Kush, sons of Lord Ram. Valmiki was a famous saint who wrote Ramayana. The city of Amritsar in Punjab had played lead role in defeating the Mughal and freedom struggle of India to eradicate British colonial rule. Rooted into its perennial culture, Amritsar is known for its cuisine and handicrafts. Tourism in Punjab is essentially and largely propelled by